Bed sores and pressure ulcers are very serious risks for seniors and when left untreated can result in severe injuries! They can happen in just a matter of hours when a loved one with delicate skin (as most seniors have) is left in the same position without any movement or relief. Our nurses talk about this with families as we service or assess that everyone needs to pay attention spotting risk areas for bed sores and ulcers. When caught early, they are easy treatable and nothing more than a nuisance. But if left untreated, the results can be profound. With every passing year our skin becomes more fragile and less elastic making it more vulnerable to damage. Also, the skin loses the ability to regenerate. Injuries last longer and are more severe. If you are noticing that your family member is bruising more easily it is a sign that their skin is becoming more fragile and a warning that you should be on watch for sores and ulcers. If your loved one has any type of mobility issue you need to pay special attention to signs of sores and ulcers. Poor blood flow increases your risk of tissue damage. Diabetes, kidney disease and peripheral vascular disease are conditions that can cause to develop pressure ulcers.
KNOW THE AREAS
Take a look at the listing below and get to know these 8 areas. If you make efforts to check each of these spots regularly you are on the safe side. If you see any redness or swelling, you have successfully noticed the start of a sore and now all you have to do is prevent it!
WATCH OUT FOR MOISTURE AND FRICTION
Moisture accelerates the breakdown of skin and speeds up infection. Most often it is caused by urine and other bodily fluids that are not cleaned properly during a person’s daily routine. This is why one of the most important services CAREmasters offers is to help seniors with their daily routines in order to ensure that this part of hygiene is maintained.
Friction is most often caused by moving in and out of bed. Often seniors with mobility issues need help with this. When that help is given improperly it can result in being slid along the bedsheets rather than being lifted and raised straight upwards. This causes friction that accelerates skin irritation. Here the caregiver has to pay attention. Lifting can be very strenuous and puts the caregiver at risk of injury. But there are lots of supportive medical devices to help with this. Please ask us for more information.
Sores result from pressure without relief, so the caregiver needs to provide relief. That means turning or repositioning every 1-2 hours. This may seem like a lot but skin can be very fragile and it’s the only way to take the pressure off the irritation. Another solution is to look at any of the supportive surface options available such as pressure relief mattresses or seat cushions. Barrier cream is another option that can be applied directly to the problem area and provides protection from moisture on fragile skin. Lastly, nutrition is a very important part of keeping your skin healthy and thereby avoiding sores. A balanced diet full of protein, minerals, vitamins, and calories are all very important to maintain healthy skin. Making sure to drink enough water and fluids to keep body and skin hydrated is another effective strategy. This may all seem complicated but it´s just 8 areas and 3 simple steps to avoid this chronic issue that we see very often with the clients and families that we visit.
If you have questions about any of this or if you like some help setting up a plan to make sure that your loved one is cared for properly the CAREmasters Team is available for you. Please call our nurses to help you with this important issue.